本站地址: http://thbzgz.3xy.com.cn
高中英语Unit 1 Lifestyles Lesson 1 A Perfect Day?

【教材分析】

本课是高中英语的第一课,是同学们从初次走进高中英语课堂。教材话题的吸引力和教师使用教材的技巧会对今后学生的英语学习产生巨大的影响。北师大英语教材从lifestyle(生活方式)这一话题入手,让学生感觉既熟悉又新鲜。

本课的课文主要是对两种生活方式(a couch potato VS a workaholic),应引导学生积极思考:究竟什么样的生活方式才是健康的,有益的以及如何摆脱不健康的生活方式。这些内容是同学们在初中从未接触过的,因此学生一定非常感兴趣。

本课篇章不长,难度中等。词汇短语最好通过学生的课上活动,以及对一般现在时和现在进行时的练习和掌握,不断使词汇及短语复现,从而达到掌握和理解课文的目的。另外,时态的学习可以通过发现实验的方法加深学生的理解和应用。即:在语言应用中发现并掌握语法知识。

本课计划两课时完成。第一课时的重点是通过warm up,讨论电视节目的种类;其后以lesson 1的阅读部分为基础,使学生在听说读写方面掌握与生活方式有关的内容。第二课时的重点是词汇的巩固和语法的发现、归纳、总结和练习,让学生明白一般现在时与一般过去时的区别,并能在语境中恰当的应用语言。

【学情分析】

我所任教的学校北中高中地处安徽省大别山南麓,安徽省与湖北省交界处,是太湖县生源较差的一所高中。103班共有59名学生,大部分都来自于深山,对生活方式方面的内容的了解相对比较少,英语语言基础也比较薄弱,英语表达能力尚待提高。因此我想通过降低教材难度的方式,使学生敢于学习,勇于学习,能够学习。如通常情况下,让学生复述就是在对文章的结构进行分析之后,让学生用自己的语言对课文进行重新组织表述;而我则通过自己把文章进行改写,并从挖空,让学生通过填空的方式对文章进一步熟悉,然后在我所改写的短文的帮助下对文章进行复述。

因为我校的生源与兄弟学校相比,基础差一些,特别是学生的口头表达能力急需提高,所以我通过弱化语法,强调语篇分析的手段,对学生进行正面引导,提升学生的学习兴趣,所以我的课堂活动设置都主要以任务为主,让学生阅读文章后从文章中找到解决问题的答案。

第一课时

I. Teaching objectives

1. To discuss favourite TV programmes and daily activities.

2. To revise Present Simple and Present Continuous.

3. To read two texts in order to check predictions.

4. To read two texts for specific information.

II. Teaching important points

1. How to make students understand and use Present Simple and Present Continuous.

2. Get the students to master the usage of the important words of this period.

III. Teaching difficult points

Help students develop the right and healthy lifestyle.

IV. Ability goals 

1. Enable the students to use the words and expressions in this part.

2. Enable students to understand and use Present Simple and Present Continuous.

3. Help students develop the right and healthy lifestyle.

V. Emotional goals:

1. Make the students get familiar with lifestyles and tell whether they are healthy are not.

2. Enable the students to make comments on others’ lifestyles and give some suggestion.

3. Have a discussion about what kinds of TV programmes they like.

4. Help the students know the balance between work and relaxation.

VI. Teaching aids

A computer and multi-media 

VII. Teaching procedures:

Step 1 Warm-up

1. With the help of the following pictures, can you think of at least five kinds of TV programmes?

 

Keys: cartoons; sports programmes; TV series; films; news; talk show.

2. What are your favorite TV programmes? What about your classmates? Work in groups and write down the names of TV programmes you and others like and dislike. And then fill in the chart below.

Name

You

Student A

Student B

Student C

Student D

Favorite TV programme

 

 

 

 

 

TV programme disliked

 

 

 

 

 

Answers may be varied.

3. Make a mini survey in you class to see the popularity of the TV programmes, and then answers the following questions according to your survey.

Name

Sports

News

Soap opera

Documentary

Cartoon

Total number (like)

 

 

 

 

 

Total number (dislike)

 

 

 

 

 

Name

Game show

Film

Talk show

Music

Dance

Total number (like)

 

 

 

 

 

Total number (dislike)

 

 

 

 

 

(1)What is the most popular TV progamme in your group / class?

(2)How many students in your group / class like it?

(3)Why do so many students like it?

(4)What’s the least popular TV programme in your group / class?

(5)How many students in your group / class dislike it?

(6)What do they think of it?

Answers may be varied.

Step 2 Pre-reading

4. What is the meaning the word “lifestyle”?

Suggested answer: Lifestyle means the way someone lives, including the place they live in, the things they own, the kind of job they do, and the activities they enjoy.

5. What does a couch potato mean?

Suggested answer: A couch potato is a person who likes to spend a lot of time sitting or lying down while watching television.

6. What does a workaholic mean?

Suggested answer: A workaholic is a person who is addicted to work. Despite spending an extra amount of hours and sacrificing (牺牲)their health and loved ones for their jobs, workaholics are frequently ineffective employees.

Step 3 Fast reading

Read the text and choose the most suitable main idea from A-I for each paragraph. There are two extra main ideas that you do not need.

A. Mr. Brain almost does nothing but watch TV.

B. Bob is very busy with his work in the daytime.

C. Brain can watch much TV because he has a good family, especially a good wife.

D. Brain likes doing exercise very much.

E. Brain is fond of watching TV, even during a walk.

F. It tells us why Bob works so crazily.

G. It shows us what Bob does before going to work in the morning.

H. Bob is tired of his work.

I. Bob is also busy at night.

Suggested answers:

1) A Couch Potato

Par1. A

Par2. E

Par3. C

2) A Workaholic

Par1. G

Par2. B

Par3. I

Par4. F

Step 4 Second reading

1. Read the text quickly and tell whether the following sentences are true or false.

1) Brian is not satisfied with the kind of lifestyle.

2) Brian’s wife goes out to work and supports the family.

3) Bob is poor so he has to work day and night.

4) Bob almost has no time to spend with his family.

5) It seems that Bob prefers doing a lot of things all day to doing nothing.

6) Bob normally wakes up about five minutes after his alarm clock goes off.

7) Brian has more than a TV set.

8) Brian’s wife often complains the money that Brian makes is not enough.

Answers: 1) F   2) T   3) F   4). T   5) T   6) F  7) T  8) F

2. Read the first text carefully and answer the following questions.

1) When does Mr. Biakey really get up?

2) What does he do lying in bed awake?

3) What does he do after getting up?

4) What does he do in the evening?

5) What does he think of his life? What about you?

Keys:

1) About half past ten.

2) Watch children’s programmes and old movies.

3) Go downstairs and watch TV in the living room.

4) Watch TV series or sport and the news again.

5) Answers may be varied.

3. Read the second text carefully and answer the questions in Exercise 3 in the textbook.

1) As soon as his alarm clock goes off.

2) No.

3) Wash, get changed, have breakfast, leave home and get on a bus.

4) Look at some document he brings back from office in order to be ready for the next day’s work.

5) Answers may be varied.

Step 5 Post-reading

1. Read the text again and complete the passage below.

Mr. Biakey and Mr. Black

Mr. Biakey is a person who likes  1  TV very much. From  2  till   3  he does nothing  4   watch TV. I don’t think it’s  5  to live in his way. If he  6  doing so, he will get  7  and   8  . And   9  in bed or  10  in a sofa all day does him a lot of   11  . He will get   12  and   13  and   14   fall ill.

Mr. Black is a   15  person who  16  himself to his work. He   17   hard as soon as he gets up   18  late into the night. He often feels very  19  and he lacks  20  . Working without proper  21   or exercise does great   22  to people’s   23  .

I think both of them should   24  their lifestyles and begin a  25  life.

Key:

1watching 2morning 3night 4but 5good 6keeps7lazier 8lazier 9lying 10sitting 11harm 12fatter 13fatter 14finally 15diligent 16devotes 17works 18until 19tired20exercise 21rest 22harm 23health 24change 25healthy

2. Discussion: What kind of lifestyle do you think is healthy? Plan a kind of lifestyle for yourself and tell your partner.

Suggested answer:

A Perfect Day

I think good habits are the key to a healthy life. I plan my life in a scientific way. I get up early at 6: 00 in the morning. I do morning exercises or take exercise before breakfast. I often do some reading in English or Chinese before class. I am both attentive and active in class and I finish my assignments on time as required. Besides my lessons, I go in for sports in my spare time. I have my own hobbies. I like music, collecting stamps and I always find time for them. I work hard but also enjoy myself. I feel my life is full of sunshine. It’s colorful!

Step 6 Homework

1. Preview the grammar of this lesson: Present Simple and Present Continuous

2. Vocabulary exercise on Page 53, 7

Step 7 Teaching reflections

This is the first lesson given to the students who has just graduated from Junior Middle School. Needless to say, they are curious about the lifestyle of high school and their future life. After learning the lesson, the students become aware of the fact that a healthy lifestyle is very important to a person. One should work hard to realize one’s dream, but meanwhile, he or she should also learn enjoy life.

We have achieved the teaching goals planned in advance and the teacher-students reaction is quite satisfying in the class. What’s more, by asking and answering questions, I find that the students are willing to take part in the activities in class, including oral and reading activities.

 

分享到: